Stormy Waters Carry a 19th-Century Shipwreck to Florida Beach

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iStock

Julia Turner and her 8-year-old son Patrick were looking at the ocean from a rented beach house Wednesday morning when they noticed something unusual heaped on the sand. Julia thought it might have been wood from a fence or a raised walkway, but Patrick saw something else. "When I looked out the window, it was immediately a ship," he told the Florida Times-Union.

The newspaper reports that the shipwreck washed up on Ponte Vedra Beach near Jacksonville, Florida, the night of Tuesday, March 27. The debris doesn't include the full vessel—just a 48-foot segment of the hull—but from the remains alone, experts were able to estimate that the ship dates back to the 19th century or even the late 18th century.

Researchers from the St. Augustine Lighthouse and Maritime Museum visited the site Wednesday to study and document it. The copper tack heads they found in the wood suggest that the hull had once been sheathed in copper. The researchers also spotted wooden pegs and Roman numerals carved into the hull's ribs.

The remarkably well-preserved wreck was likely buried in the sand offshore for years before it was brought up by recent storm waves. Where the ship was built and where it went down is hard to determine. Debris from wrecks can travel hundreds of miles before finally making landfall.

Officially state property, the wreck remains on Ponte Vedra Beach, but the tide threatens to drag it back into the sea. Before they left, the museum researchers were able to take photos, video, and measurements of the hull, which can possibly be used to construct a 3D model of the ship.

When ships do end up on beaches via stormy waters, they tend to be a lot newer. Last September, Hurricane Irma dumped several "ghost ships" onto Florida's shores.

[h/t Florida Times-Union]

People Have Been Dining on Caviar Since the Stone Age

iStock.com/Lisovskaya
iStock.com/Lisovskaya

Millennia before caviar became a staple hors d'oeuvre at posh parties, it was eaten from clay pots by Stone Age humans. That's the takeaway of a new study published in the journal PLOS One. As Smithsonian reports, traces of cooked fish roe recovered from an archeological site in Germany show just how far back the history of the dish goes.

For the study, researchers from Germany conducted a protein analysis of charred food remains caked to the shards of an Stone Age clay cooking vessel. After isolating roughly 300 proteins and comparing them to that of boiled fresh fish roe and tissue, they were able to the identify the food scraps as carp roe, or eggs. The scientists write that the 4000 BCE-era hunter-gatherers likely cooked the fish roe in a pot of water or fish broth heated by embers, and covered the pot with leaves to contain the heat or add additional flavor.

The clay shards were recovered from Friesack 4 in Brandenburg, Germany, a Stone Age archaeological site that has revealed about 150,000 artifacts, including items crafted from antlers, wood, and bone, since it was discovered in the 1930s. In the same study, the researchers report that they also found remnants of bone-in pork on a vessel recovered from the same site.

Other archaeological digs have shown that some of the foods we think of as modern delicacies have been around for thousands of years, including cheese, salad dressing, and bone broth. The same goes for beverages: Recently a 13,000-year-old brewery was uncovered in the Middle East.

[h/t Smithsonian]

Dozens of Cat Mummies, Plus 100 Cat Statues, Discovered in 4500-Year-Old Egyptian Tomb

iStock.com/Murat İnan
iStock.com/Murat İnan

The mummification of cats was a common practice in ancient Egypt, but it’s always a pleasant surprise when the felines are found thousands of years later. As NPR reports, dozens of mummified cats and 100 wooden cat statues were recently discovered in a 4500-year-old tomb near Cairo.

These items were uncovered by Egyptian archaeologists while excavating a newly discovered tomb in Saqqara, whose necropolis served the ancient city of Memphis. Another nearby tomb remains sealed, and it’s possible that it may have evaded looters and remained untouched for millennia.

In addition to the wooden statues, one bronze cat statue was found. It was dedicated to Bastet, goddess of cats, who was said to be the daughter of Re, god of the Sun. While cats were revered by ancient Egyptians, they weren’t directly worshipped. Rather, gods like Bastet were often depicted with the physical characteristics of an animal that was considered divine.

Even rarer than the mummified cats were a couple collections of mummified scarab beetles that were found in the tomb—the first of their kind to be unearthed in this particular necropolis, Egypt's Ministry of Antiquities announced in a Facebook post. The scarabs were still in “very good condition” because they had been wrapped in linen and placed inside two limestone sarcophagi, whose lids had black scarabs painted on top.

"The (mummified) scarab is something really unique. It is something really a bit rare," Mostafa Waziri, secretary general of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, told Reuters and other media. "A couple of days ago, when we discovered those coffins, they were sealed coffins with drawings of scarabs. I never heard about them before."

The beetles were an important religious symbol in ancient Egypt, representing renewal and rebirth. The Ministry of Antiquities said archaeologists also found wooden statues of a lion, a cow, and a falcon, as well as painted wooden sarcophagi of cobras (with mummies inside) and wooden sarcophagi of crocodiles.

[h/t NPR]

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