A New NASA Map Shows Spring Is Coming Earlier Each Year

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iStock

Climate change is shifting Earth’s seasons. Winters are getting shorter, and the warmth of spring has started to arrive earlier and earlier, messing with the timing of processes like animal migrations and the budding of new plant growth. In a series of graphics spotted by Flowing Data, the NASA Earth Observatory shows how much earlier new leaves are arriving in some parts of the U.S., and how much earlier they reach full bloom.

The data comes from a 2016 study of U.S. national parks, so the maps only cover seasonal changes within the park system. But since there are so many parks spread across the U.S., it’s a pretty good snapshot of how climate change is affecting the timing of spring across the country. The map in green shows the difference in “first leaf” arrival, or when the first leaves emerge from tree buds, and the map in purple shows the arrival of the first blooms.

A map of the U.S. with a colored grid showing where leaves are coming earlier
Joshua Stevens, NASA Earth Observatory

Around 75 percent of the 276 parks analyzed in the study have been experiencing earlier springs, and half had recently seen the earliest springs recorded in 112 years. In Olympic National Park in Washington, the first leaves are now appearing 23 days earlier than they did a century ago, while the Grand Canyon is seeing leaves appear about 11 days earlier. National parks in the Sierras and in Utah are seeing leaves appear five to 10 days earlier, as are areas along the Appalachian Trail. Some parks, however, particularly in the South, are actually seeing a later arrival of spring leaves, shown in dark gray in the graphic.

A map of the U.S. with a colored grid showing where blooms are coming earlier
Joshua Stevens, NASA Earth Observatory

The places that are witnessing earlier first blooms aren't always the ones with extra-early first leaves. The Appalachian Trail is blooming earlier, even though the first leaves aren't arriving any earlier. But in other places, like Olympic National Park, both the first leaves and the first blooms are arriving far earlier than they used to.

“Changes in leaf and flowering dates have broad ramifications for nature,” National Park Service ecologist John Gross explained in the Earth Observatory’s blog. “Pollinators, migratory birds, hibernating species, elk, and caribou all rely on food sources that need to be available at the right time.” When temperatures get out of sync with usual seasonal changes, those species suffer.

[h/t Flowing Data]

Each State's Favorite Celebrity Chef

Ethan Miller/Getty Images for Vegas Uncork'd by Bon Appetit
Ethan Miller/Getty Images for Vegas Uncork'd by Bon Appetit

Whether they specialize in baking, travel, or food science, celebrity chefs are an American obsession. For the map below, USDirect sifted through Google Trends data to determine where in the country television's most famous foodies are most popular.

The late Anthony Bourdain, host of No Reservations and Parts Unknown, is the celebrity chef with the most widespread appeal. The well-traveled television personality is the top-searched chef in 10 states, including Texas, Florida, and California. Host of Good Eats and Iron Chef America Alton Brown is a close runner-up, dominating search trends in Missouri, Oregon, Alaska, and five more states.

Unsurprisingly, many celebrity chefs are the favorites of their home states. In Louisiana, New Orleans chef Emeril Lagasse is number one, while Duff Goldman of Charm City Cakes is beloved in Maryland. Pioneer woman Ree Drummond is the favorite food star in her home state of Oklahoma and Cleveland chef Michael Symon takes Ohio.

In Nevada, no one chef reigns supreme. Wolfgang Puck, Bobby Flay, Robert Irvine, Gordon Ramsay, and Guy Fieri are all tied for most popular, and for good reason—between them, they own 16 restaurants in Las Vegas.

The round-up shows that American chefs aren't the only celebrities people search for in the states: Paul Hollywood and Mary Berry of The Great British Bake Off both appear on the map.

To see which celebrity chef your home state loves, check out the map below.

Map of popular celebrity chefs.
USDirect

The Most Popular Scary Netflix Series in Each State

It’s October, which means you have a full month to cram as many spooky movies and TV series into your schedule as humanly possible. Of course, you can watch a horror flick year-round, but there’s something about watching it in the lead-up to Halloween that makes it that much more fun.

In celebration of the shows that make us scream and tense up in terror, Reviews.org has created a map revealing each state’s favorite scary series on Netflix. The site started with a list of the most beloved and best-rated scary series on Netflix, then used Google Trends to analyze how popular they were in each state.

By the numbers, British sci-fi series Black Mirror is America’s favorite small-screen fright. It’s the most popular series in six East Coast states, as well as California. Most of the show’s self-contained dystopian plots are entirely plausible, which makes it all the more unsettling. It could get a lot scarier, too. Showrunners recently announced that the fifth season will have an interactive, choose-your-own-adventure episode.

Reviews.org observed some other regional trends, too. Supernatural thrillers featuring vampires, werewolves, and demons apparently do better down south. Bitten, Hemlock Grove, The Originals, and Vampire Diaries are particularly popular in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida.

In a blast to the past, Goosebumps (circa 1998) also did well in five states. Some series that made the list—like Dexter, Twin Peaks, and Santa Clarita Diet—blend several genres and don’t strictly fall into the horror category. Still, they certainly have their creepy moments. Our friends from Washington have probably had a nightmare or two about Bob.

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