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Apply Now to Join an Archaeological Dig at Colorado's Magic Mountain

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If you've ever dreamed of digging for artifacts but don't have an archaeology degree, you're in luck—but you'll have to act fast. The Denver Museum of Nature & Science is accepting applications for volunteers interested in joining a community dig this summer at one of Colorado's most important archaeological sites. Applications close May 3, according to Patch.

Located west of Denver, in Golden, the site is called Magic Mountain, named after a failed amusement park that was briefly located there in 1959–1960—more than a decade before the far more famous Magic Mountain opened in Los Angeles. Now owned by the city of Golden, the site was first excavated in the 1950s after a nearby dig revealed that the Fountain Rock Formation, of which Golden is a part, "was a key 'borderland' between the people of the high plains and Great Basin regions," The Denver Post reports.

The oldest artifacts found at the site date back some 7000 years, when the site was used as a camping grounds for hunter-gatherer groups passing through the region during the Archaic and Woodland periods. According to the museum, other artifacts found at the site, including ceramics and stone structures, suggest that a more permanent residence was established there at least 1000 years ago.

"Although Magic Mountain has been previously explored by archaeologists, this project revives the excavation through a community-based effort that will likely lead to new science and discoveries," the project's founders said in a statement, as reported by Patch. "You can be a part of uncovering and sharing human-environmental history over the last 7000 years, if not more!"

Volunteers will be given shovels, trowels, and other tools, and more experienced excavators will be on hand to demonstrate how they're used. No experience is necessary, but volunteers must be at least 18 years old and be able to complete three shifts during one of the two sessions, held June 18–27 and July 5–15. Space is limited for the program, and chosen applicants will be notified by May 7.

Ready to get your hands dirty? You can fill out an online application here.

[h/t Patch]

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Drought Reveals Ancient Sites in Scotland That Can Only Be Spotted From the Air
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Typically rainy Scotland is in the middle of an unusually dry summer—and local archaeologists are taking advantage of it. As the BBC reports, the drought has revealed ancient sites, including Roman camps and Iron Age graves, that have been hidden by farm soil for years.

Historic Environment Scotland has been conducting aerial surveys of the country's landscape since the 1930s, but it's in seasons like this, when the crops recede during dry weather, that the buried remains of ancient structures are easiest to spot. Conditions this summer have been the best since 1976 for documenting archaeological sites from the sky.

Aerial view of field.
Historic Environment Scotland

The crescent-shaped crop mark in the photo above indicates a souterrain, or underground passageway, that was built in the Scottish Borders during the Iron Age. The surveyors also found remains of a Roman temporary camp, marked by straight lines in the landscape, built in modern-day Lyne—an area south of Edinburgh already known to have housed a complex of Roman camps and forts.

Aerial view of field.
Historic Environment Scotland

In the image below you'll see four small ditches—three circles and one square—that were likely used as burial sites during the Iron Age. When crops are planted over an ancient ditch, they have more water and nutrients to feed on, which helps them grow taller and greener. Such crops are especially visible during a drought when the surrounding vegetation is sparse and brown.

Aerial view of field.
Historic Environment Scotland

Historic Environment Scotland has a team of aerial surveyors trained to spot the clues: To date, they've discovered more than 9000 archaeological sites from the air. HSE plans to continue scoping out new areas of interest as long as the dry spell lasts.

It's not just in Scotland that long-hidden settlements are coming to light: similar aerial surveys in Wales are finding them too.

[h/t BBC]

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An Ancient Sarcophagus Was Found in Egypt—And It's Never Been Opened
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In what could be the plot of the next summer blockbuster, a sealed sarcophagus has been found 16 feet underground in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, Science Alert reports. It’s still unknown who or what might be lying inside the nondescript black granite casket, but what’s clear is that it hasn’t been opened since it was closed more than 2000 years ago.

Ayman Ashmawy, head of the government’s Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Sector, observed “a layer of mortar between the lid and the body of the sarcophagus,” indicating it hadn't been opened, according to a Ministry of Antiquities Facebook post. Considering that many ancient tombs in Egypt have been looted over the years, an untouched sarcophagus is quite a rare find.

The sarcophagus was discovered when a site in the Sidi Gaber district, dating back to the Ptolemaic Dynasty (305-30 BCE), was inspected before construction of a building began. The casket is 104.3 inches long and 65 inches wide, making it the largest of its kind ever discovered in Alexandria. In addition, an alabaster statue of a man’s head was found in the same tomb, and some have speculated that it might depict whoever is sealed inside the sarcophagus. Live Science suggested that archaeologists may opt to inspect its contents using X-rays or computed tomography scans to prevent damage to the artifact.

Although it remains a mystery for now, Twitter has a few theories about who might be lying inside:

[h/t Science Alert]

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